An understanding to intrinsic and extrinsic approaches to. The methods described in literary approaches to the bible are focused on different ways of analyzing the text within its literary context. An introduction to fiction, poetry, and drama, sixth edition new york. If a friend informs you she is reading a book you have just. Critical approaches to literature plain text version of this document. The study of the selection is more or les based on the socalled literary elements. George steiner literary criticism is not an abstract, intellectual exercise. A formalist approach abstract to analyse fiction requires more than the content knowledge of a text. Literary approaches emphasize literary portions of the bible and often insist that literary artifice is the bibles primary characteristic. Literary theory as a pedagogical tool employs the principles of modern approaches to learning and, thus serves to nurture cognitive processing of students, helps them connect the classroom with the world outside the classroom and be active learners. The methodologies and approaches might differ from what is practised in language lessons as claimed by padurean 2015 who found that english literature should be approached differently because. Pdf emthis paper reports on a case study of the teachers approaches to teaching literature for young learners in bandung. The relevance of literary analysis to teaching literature.
Click download or read online button to get a handbook of critical approaches to literature book now. They are the 1 languagebased approach, 2 paraphrastic approach, 3 informationbased approach, 4 personalresponse approach, 5 moralphilosophical approach, and 6 stylistic approach. Literary criticism primer a guide to the critical approaches to. Described below are nine common critical approaches to the literature. A literary approach to teaching english language in a. A handbook of critical approaches to literature download. Literary critical theories inform us of certain ways to. The appreciation of literature as an art requires close readinga. Literary approaches to biblical interpretation by tremper. Literary criticism, literary theory, approaches to literature, traditional. Pdf a handbook of critical approaches to literature. Intrinsic and extrinsic approaches to literature are ways to criticize literature in different terms. Formalistic or literary approach literature is viewed intrinsically independent of the author, age, or any other extrinsic factor. What is the feminist approach to literary criticism.
This approach regards literature as a unique form of. Jul 09, 2011 as the classification of genre and text types, the approaches in literature also classified into many kinds of methodologies, which has dif. Always update books hourly, if not looking, search in the book search column. All of the approaches in literature reflect a particular institutional, cultural and historical background. Of particular interest to the formalist critic are the elements of form style. Some of the techniques have been around for centuries, but the theories of literary critics from the early 20th century to today had a profound impact on biblical interpretation. Literary approaches to biblical interpretation book. Psychology of literature the ppy g ysychological study of the writer, as type and as individual psychology of the author the study of creative process h d f h l i l the study of psychological types and laws present within works of literature psychology of the characters literary study in its strictest sense. Introduction to literary theory critical approaches to.
Literature is a form of knowledge with intrinsic elementsstyle, structure, imagery, tone, genre. Looks either at the psychological motivations of the characters or. Literature is viewed intrinsically independent of the author, age, or any other extrinsic factor. Pdf literary criticism primer a guide to the critical. How to interpret literature updates the standard approaches to criticism, such as structuralism, deconstruction, psychoanalysis and feminism, and introduces cuttingedge areas of study for both student and instructor, such as queer studies. All the basics necessary for understanding the work are limited within the work by itself.
Pdf the approaches to teaching literature for efl young. Deconstruction is a school of literary criticism that suggests that language is not a stable entity, and that we can never exactly. A slightly fuller excerpt of this chapter of handbook of critical approaches to literature is also available here. Approaches employed by teachers in teaching literature to. The goal of literary criticism is always to help us understand and appreciate a work more fully, no matter what approaches we use. This approach stresses the close reading of the text and insists that all statements about the work be supported by references to the text. Critical approaches to interpretation of literature a. Mimetic theory of literary criticism pen and the pad. All the elements necessary for understanding the work are contained within the work itself. However, please note that we wont just be using such approaches to literary criticism in writing our literary analyses essays. A systems approach to conduct an effective literature. Literary historians study the time in which a piece of literature took place and highlight the historical background of the text itself rather than making inferences based upon the authors background. In practice, mimetic critical theory often asks how well the literary work conveys universal truths and teaches the reader positive moral values and modes of personal conduct.
Examine texts out of the context of their time period, social setting, and authors background. These models have been incorporated in various approaches in the teaching of literature. Literature choose six of the following approaches and find one article for each approach. Reading literary criticism will inspire you to reread, rethink, and respond. As our discussion of mythology has shown, the task of the myth critic is a special one. As the classification of genre and text types, the approaches in literature also classified into many kinds of methodologies, which has dif. An overview of methods and approaches in teaching literature. For the structural approaches to language teaching, literature was discredited as a tool, because it represented the old tradition.
Get ebooks literary trauma on pdf, epub, tuebl, mobi and audiobook for free. A short introduction to literary criticism international journal of. A key goal for historical critics is to understand the effect of a literary work upon its. Approaches to teaching literature reading process cognition. Text can be read as an authors unresolved issues in life, resulting in hisher evident work. Unlike the traditional critic, who relies heavily on history and the biography of the writer, the myth critic is interested more in prehistory and the biographies of the gods. Most literature throughout time has been genderbiased because most lasting literature has been written by men. Formalist criticism is placed at the center because it deals primarily with the text and not with any of the outside considerations such as author, the real world, audience, or other literature.
Critical approaches to literature reveal how or why a particular work is constructed and what its social and cultural implications are. Pdf methods used in teaching and learning of literature in. Literary theories session 6 psychology of literature. Focuses on the ways female consciousness is written by both female and male authors. The purpose of the document is not to inform the readers, but to argue a particular interpretation. There are six approaches in the teaching of literature.
Looks either at the psychological motivations of the characters or of the authors themselves. Literary critics maintain that textual unity results in literary approaches for two reasons. Critical approaches to literature literary criticism should arise out of a debt of love. General aims of teaching literature the learning objectives of literature component outlined by the curriculum development centre cited by cheng 2007 are as follows.
These same approaches can be used to discuss art, music, theatre, and even social and controversial issues and subject matter. A key term in psychoanalytic approaches to literary study, trauma theory represents a critical approach that enables new modes of reading and of listening. Literary criticism is not an abstract, intellectual exercise. Meaning, formalists argue, is inherent in the text. Literature is not generally considered as a coherent branch of the curriculum in relation to language development in either native or foreign language teaching. Formalist criticism new criticism prosody, stylistics, and genre criticism 6. Literary criticism by david daiches addeddate 20170509 18. Therefore, literature cannot give a reader any one single meaning, because the language itself is simply too ambiguous. Literary criticism involves close reading of a literary work, regardless of whether you are arguing about a particular interpretation, comparing stories or poems, or using a theory to interpret literature.
The approaches to literature help the students reveal the subtle and the obvious details of a text. Moralintellectual concerned with content and values used not only to discover meaning, but also to determine whether works of literature are both true and. In particular, feminist literary critics tend to reject the patriarchal norms of literature that privileges masculine ways of thinkingpoints of view and marginalizes women politically, economically and psychologically, according to paul ady, associate professor of english at. Pdf methods used in teaching and learning of literature. In the last century, and for more than seven decades, there were many attempts to approach literature from a scientific perspective by a growing number of critics. After this method fell in disuse, literary texts also went forgotten for teachers of second languages. Philosophical or moral criticism evaluates the ethical content of literary works. A literary approach to teaching english language in a multicultural classroom. Understanding critical perspectives will help you to see and appreciate a literary work as a multilayered construct of meaning. Feminist literary criticism is the critical analysis of literary works based on the feminist perspective. Approaches to literary criticism will detail the various approaches to literary criticism that we will utilize to study a literary piece.
The methodologies and approaches might differ from what is practised in language lessons as claimed by padurean 2015 who found that english literature should be. Because meaning is determinant, all other considerations are irrelevant. Introduction to literary theory critical approaches to literature basic information critical approachesperspectives enhance our understanding of a literary text by focusing on a particular element of it. How did the author and the original audience understand the work. Approaches to literary criticism literary criticism is the study, analysis, and evaluation of imaginative literature. This approach regards literature as a unique form of human knowledge that needs to be examined on its own terms. Literary scholars do exist and they often make profound comments about all types of literaturevisual, performed, and written. There was no literary interest, nor interest on content. Literary criticism primer a guide to the critical approaches to literature introduction. There are more than 1 million books that have been enjoyed by people from all over the world. The popularity of literary approaches has arisen in part from the disillusionment.1444 661 1240 1518 1373 830 1025 1462 1248 122 1464 1447 1484 65 660 218 181 1432 1538 1137 1425 433 187 1444 160 935 858 1491 856